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Trillium luteum

Yellow Wake Robin

Trillium luteum (Yellow Wake Robin)

This species, sometimes commonly called yellow trillium, has an unbranched, naked stem topped by three, evenly-spaced, lance-shaped to rounded, dark green, hosta-like leaves that are often mottled. The flower features three erect, yellow petals and three narrow, greenish sepals and appears stalkless atop the center of the three-leaf whorl. Flowers may have a faint lemon scent. A clump-forming plant that grows from thick, underground rhizomes which will spread slowly if left undisturbed. Foliage will usually die to the ground by mid-summer, particularly if the soil is allowed to dry out.

Additional Information:
The trillium is a simple, graceful perennial that is one of the most familiar and beloved of the spring woodland wildflowers. Leaves, petals and sepals of all trilliums come in groups of three.

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12-18 Inches


12-18 Inches


Bloom/Seasonal Color
Soft Yellow

USDA Hardiness Zone 4-8

Home Owner Growing and Maintenance Tips:
A classic spring-blooming, woodland wildflower. Excellent when massed in a shaded woodland garden, naturalized area or wildflower garden. Mixes well with other spring wildflowers and ferns. Not recommended for the perennial border.

Good Companions
Goat's Beard (Aruncus dioicus), Blue Cohosh (Caulophyllum thalictroides), Dutchman's Breeches (Dicentra cucullaria), Yellow Violet (Viola pubescens), Blue Violet (Viola sororia)

Characteristics & Attributes

Hydrologic Designation




Season of Interest

Early (Feb-Apr)
Mid (May-June)

Soil Moisture


Special Uses


Sun Exposure

Medium Sun/Average Shade
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