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16245 S US Hwy 71
Belton, MO 64012
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Pinus echinata

Shortleaf Pine

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Pinus echinata (Shortleaf Pine)

Shortleaf Pine occurs in dry, sandy or rocky upland areas in the Ozark region. This is a medium-sized, fast-growing pine with a short pyramidal crown which broadens somewhat with age. Typically grows 50-60' tall in cultivation, but will grow to 100' tall in the wild, with records existing to over 140'. Dark bluish-green needles, three to five inches in length, appear in bundles of two. Cylindrical brown cones are usually not produced until the tree reaches 20 years old. Attractive reddish-brown bark forms in scaly plates on mature trees.

Additional Information:
Migrating butterflies use Shortleaf Pine for roosting. Echinata means spiny in reference to the prickle-tipped cone scales. An important timber tree in the deep South where it is harvested for a variety of purposes, including lumber, plywood and wood pulp. Oleoresins are extracted to make turpentine.

50-60 Feet


25-35 Feet


USDA Hardiness Zone 6-9

Home Owner Growing and Maintenance Tips:
Easily grown in average, dry to medium wet, well-drained soils in full sun. Tolerates some light shade. Tolerates a wide range of soils, but prefers sandy loams. The formation of a deep taproot complicates transplanting from the wild.

Characteristics & Attributes

Hydrologic Designation




Season of Interest

Late (July-frost)

Soil Moisture


Sun Exposure

Full Sun

USFS MO Ecological Map

Wildlife Benefit