Home Prairie and Wetland Center
16245 South Hwy. 71
Belton, MO 64012
Tel: (816) 331-9738
Fax: (816) 331-9739

Native Plants

The native plant nursery at the Prairie and Wetland Center offers over 500 local-source native plant species. Explore these prairie grasses, wildflowers, wetland plants, trees and shrubs to learn more about our beautiful and environmentally friendly natives.

We also offer a small selection of transitional plants selected from native species for their outstanding horticultural characteristics. These transitional plants can be used to enhance native plantings in many urban landscapes.

Botanical Name     Common Name
A B C D E F-G H I J-L M-O P Q R S T U-Z
Acer rubrum
How You Say It:
Common Name: Red Maple
One of the first trees to color in fall, leaves may be bright yellow, flaming orange or red. Crown is narrow to broadly rounded with a straight trunk. Much stronger wood than silver maple but it still grows very fast. Often planted as an urban shade...

Acer saccharinum
Common Name: Silver Maple
Easy-to-grow shade tree that grows quickly on a wide range of sites. Deep green foliage with silvery undersides turns gold in autumn. Upright oval shape with strong branching characteristics....

Acer saccharum
How You Say It:
Common Name: Sugar Maple
A large shade tree with excellent form. Famous for it prized syrup, Sugar Maples offer fabulous fall color in shades of bright yellow, orange or red. The summer foliage is medium to dark green. Naturally found in lower elevations, the Sugar Maple gro...

Achillea millefolium
Common Name: Yarrow
Yarrow is an erect, herbaceous perennial plant that produces one to several stems. Hairy leaves are evenly distributed along the stems. The narrow leaves are finely divided, almost feathery, and arranged spirally on the stems. Flower clusters contai...

Achillea millefolium 'rubra'
Common Name: Rosy Red Yarrow
Cluster-like flowers similar to the native White Yarrow make this reddish-pink cultivar a colorful addition when planted with other yarrows or in a mixture. Can be somewhat aggressive. Tolerates a wide range of soil and moisture conditions. Blooms al...

Acorus calamus
Common Name: Sweet Flag
Sweet flag is a deciduous, spreading, marginal aquatic perennial that features iris-like, sword-shaped leaf blades (to 3/4" wide). Mature leaves have one wavy edge and a prominent midrib. It thrives in wet, boggy soils and is commonly grown as a foli...

Actaea podocarpa
Common Name: Black Cohosh
An aristocratic plant with tall spires of fragrant, tiny white flowers in early summer over mounds of finely-cut, fanlike green leaves. The flowers actually lack petals; the numerous stamens create the appearance of a white flower spike. Grows well i...

Actea pachypoda
Common Name: White Baneberry
Attractive white berries give this plant its common name "Doll's Eyes." Its graceful foliage and clusters of tiny, white flowers makes it a lovely addition to the shade or woodland garden....

Adiantum capillus-veneris
How You Say It:
Common Name: Southern Maidenhair Fern
The cascading, triangular fronds of this deciduous fern can grow one to two feet in length. The leaves are shiny while the stems are dark....

Adiantum pedatum
Common Name: Maidenhair Fern
This fern's delicate appearance disguises its tough nature! The name comes from the shiny, dark, hair-like stalks that branch to hold the fan-shaped leaves almost horizontally with a delicate strength. The fronds unfurl fairly late in the spring, u...

Aesculus glabra
Common Name: Ohio Buckeye
Medium-sized tree which naturally occurs in lowlands. This buckeye prefers moist sites such as river bottoms and streambanks. It will grow on drier sites, but much slower and will not develop as attractively. Large spikes of green-yellow flowers bloo...

Aesculus parviflora
Common Name: Bottlebrush Buckeye
Large, upright feathery plumes of white flower clusters are borne atop the rich, dark green leaves. This diminutive member of the horsechestnut family is a dramatic addition to the late summer landscape. Fall foliage is yellowish-bronze. Broad-rounde...

Aesculus pavia
Common Name: Red Buckeye
This short tree or shrub naturally occurs along streambanks and moist forest understories. It grows best in rich, moist soils. In April, its pikes of showy red flowers, four to eight inches long, are pollinated by ruby-throated hummingbirds. Usually ...

Agalalinis tenuifolia
Common Name: Slender False Foxglove
Pink, bell-shaped flowers bloom on short stalks. Slender, wiry-branched annual plants have narrow leaves. Attracts bees and other beneficial insects. A native plant of sand and mesic prairies....

Agastache nepetoides
Common Name: Yellow Giant Hyssop
An interesting plant which is equally good in the back of the border or container. The better the drainage, the happier the plant. Creamy yellow blooms flower from June to October and are attractive to hummingbirds and butterflies, and foliage is min...

Agrimonia parviflora
Common Name: Small-flowered Agrimony
This perennial has hairy stems and divided leaves; the leaves of the main stem have 11 to 19 unequal leaflets. The leaflets are smooth above and hairy below; strongly serrated, and one to three inches long. The bright yellow flowers, about 3/8 inch a...

Agropyron smithii
Common Name: Western Wheatgrass
Perennial grass with bluish colored stems and leaves. Leaf blades flat but rolled when dry, 1/8 to ¼ inch wide, 4 to 10 inches long, rather stiff, pointed at the tips, ridged and rough on upper surface; leaves rolled in the bud; ligules very short....

Agrostis alba
Common Name: Redtop
Redtop is a creeping perennial, related to the bentgrasses. It is now found over much of the northern United States, although it originally came from Europe. The stems are slender with narrow leaves, about 1/4 inch wide. The panicle is loose and pyra...

Agrostis stolonifera
Common Name: Creeping Bentgrass
Creeping Bentgrass spreads by vigorous above-ground stems and forms puffy, dense patches of fine-textured grass capable of forcing out other turfgrasses. The blue-green leaves are flat and narrow, approximately 1/8 inch wide, and usually rough on upp...

Alisma plantago-aquatica
Common Name: Water Plantain
A flowering plant native to most of the Northern Hemisphere including Europe, northern Asia and North America. Plants grow in shallow water and consist of a fibrous root, several basal leaves and a triangular stem. Branched clusters of numerous small...

Alisma subcordatum
Common Name: Small-Flowered Water Plantain
A tall, spindly, many-branched water plant with small white (rarely pink) flowers arranged in whorls. Occurs in shallow water in freshwater marshes, sluggish streams and along the edges of ponds and lakes. The lower part of the plant is often submerg...

Alisma triviale
Common Name: Large-Flowered Water Plantain
This aquatic species can be found scattered throughout much of the Midwest. The plant consist of a rosette of smooth, oval-shaped basal leaves about one foot tall and up to seven inches long and three inches across. Plants of this genus are eaten by ...

Allium canadense
Common Name: Wild Garlic
Wild Garlic is a common native plant of pastures and fields that is found in May and June in our region. The flowers are white to pink and about 1/4 to 1/3 inch in diameter. Occurs on prairies and roadsides, often on rocky soils....

Allium cernuum
Common Name: Nodding Onion
This is one of the most attractive of our native alliums. Pure white to light pink flowers are suspended on two foot tall stalks in late summer. A great choice for short prairie meadows and sunny borders, Nodding Onion will thrive in any moderately r...

Allium stellatum
Common Name: Prairie Onion
This showy species is the latest blooming native onion. It is easy to identify in the field. The papery-covered bulb, pink flowers, and flat, persistent leaves are good characters. Pccurs primarily in rocky soils on limestone glades and bluff ledges....

Alnus serrulata
Common Name: Hazel Alder
This multistemmed, small tree is tolerant of a wide range of soil types and moisture but prefers moist sites. It spreads by suckers and can It bears bright yellow catkins in spring at the ends of its twigs followed by serrated, ovate, glossy leaves. ...

Alopecurus carolinianus
Common Name: Carolina Foxtail
This small annual grass is distinguished by its softm erect, unbranched spikes. Stems may be spreading or erect, sometimes branched. Short, narrow leaves are rough to the touch....

Amelanchier arborea
Common Name: Serviceberry
A fine shrub or small tree that is an excellent choice for shaded areas. Serviceberry occurs naturally in woods, along river banks, in swamps and along rocky slopes. Clusters of fragrant white flowers are among the first to bloom in spring. Flowers g...

Amelanchier canadensis
Common Name: Shadblow Serviceberry
Shadblow Serviceberry is a deciduous, early-flowering, large shrub or small tree which features showy, five-petaled, slightly fragrant, white flowers in drooping clusters which appear before the leaves emerge in early spring. Small, finely toothed, e...

Amelanchier laevis
Common Name: Allegheny Serviceberry
Allegheny Serviceberry is a small, deciduous, usually multi-trunked understory tree or tall shrub. It is found in open woods, on sheltered slopes and along wood margins. White flowers are showy, five-petaled and slightly fragrant. They appear in droo...

Amorpha canescens
Common Name: Lead Plant
A small shrubby prairie plant with tight spikes of iridescent purple and orange flowers appear from May to August. Lead Plant is naturally found in dry to mesic prairies and in open, upland savannas through most of the tallgrass region. Silver-green...

Amorpha fruiticosa
Common Name: Indigo Bush
Indigo Bush is a shrub with firm, woody branches and twigs that are green and hairy. The leaves have 13 to 25 leaflets each. The leaflets are one to two inches long, resinous, dotted and hairy. The flowers are terminal on the branches in erect raceme...

Amsonia ciliata
Common Name: Fringed Blue Star
Beautiful foliage and form all growing season. Lacy flower clusters of icy blue are held upright over dark green foliage. The blue of the buds is more intense than that of the blooms. Leaves are dark, glossy green, long and slender on arching stems. ...

Amsonia illustris
Common Name: Shining Blue Star
This branched plant grows up to three feet in height. Dense heads of star-shaped, sky blue flowers bloom in spring for many weeks. Butterflies love the nectar. Deep green, shiny, willowlike leaves turn bright gold to bronze in the fall making this an...

Amsonia tabernaemontana
Common Name: Bluestar
In spring, this beefy perennial with 1-inch wide, straplike foliage, blooms with big heads of light blue flowers for several weeks. In fall, the foliage turns light yellow....

Andropogon gerardi
Common Name: Big Bluestem
Upright clumps of green to blue-green leaves turn rich orange and copper-red in fall. Reddish flower heads bloom in August. If left up, the foliage adds interest to the winter landscape and provides food and cover for wildlife....

Andropogon ternarius
Common Name: Silverbeard; Splitbeard Grass
In the fall, the blue green blades turn shades of copper, bronze, and purple. The shimmering seed heads are especially attractive....

Andropogon virginicus
Common Name: Broom Sedge
An indicator species found on sterile sites or high-acid soils of old fields and pastures. It is occasionally found in prairies. The flattened stem bases are broad and shiny. There are multiple flower clusters at the terminus of each stalk. Provides...

Anemone cylindrica
Common Name: Thimbleweed
In early to mid-summer, small white flowers bloom for about one month. As the flower withers, the central green cone develops into an elongated fruit that resembles a cylindrical green thimble up to 1½" long, hence the name of the plant. This thimble...

Anemone patens
Common Name: Pasque Flower
Pasque Flower is a pretty tundra plant with several stems that rise 6-8 inches off the ground. On each stem is one flower with 5-8 petals. The range of color in the petals is from dark lavender to almost white. In the center of the flower are yellow ...

Anemone virginiana
Common Name: Candle Anemone
White flowers have four to nine "petals" (sepals) located on an elongate flowering stalk. Fruit elongate (1 to 1 1/2 inches in length). Numerous leaves are roughly divided into three main parts. Occurs on dry soils and open slopes....

Angelica atropurpurea
Common Name: Angelica
This strong-scented, tall, stout perennial has a smooth, dark purple, hollow stem one to two inches in diameter. The leaves are divided into three parts, each of which is again divided, with many broad leaflets all with very broad stalks. The lower l...

Angelica venenosa
Common Name: Wood Angelica
Delicate umbells of small white flowers bloom in moist woods of spring along with Meadowsweet, Trilliums and Common Spotted Orchid....

Aquilegia canadensis
Common Name: Columbine
This openly branching plant bears abundant red and yellow nodding flowers in spring. The distinctive flowers offer nectar for butterflies and hummingbirds for many weeks in spring. Columbine is found naturally on shaded limestone and dolomite bluffs ...

Aquilegia flabellata 'Nana'
Common Name: Fan Columbine
This compact dwarf columbine is an excellent plant for the rock garden or a small pot. It has a neat habit and nodding blooms of white/blue, white/blush, white/rose, or white/white....

Arisaema triphyllum
Common Name: Jack-in-the-Pulpit
Jack-in-the-Pulpit is a bold, spring woodland wildflower. Its flower structure consists of the spadix (Jack) which is an erect spike containing numerous, tiny, green to purple flowers and the sheath-like spathe (pulpit) which encases the lower part o...

Aristolochia tomentosa
Common Name: Dutchman's Pipe-vine
Dark green, heart-shaped leaves grow up to 15 in. long and wide. Adult pipevine swallowtail butterflies lay their eggs on the foliage. When the caterpillars hatch, they feed on the leaves. Odd-looking, pipe-shaped flowers bloom in May and June. A vi...

Aronia melanocarpa
Common Name: Black Chokeberry
Foliage is deep green and glossy all summer then turns wine red in fall. Clusters of white flowers in spring form large black fruits in the fall which are favored by birds. This is an adaptable small, multi-branched shrub often grown as an ornamental...

Aruncus dioicus
Common Name: Goat's Beard
A bushy plant with large plumes of frothy, creamy white flowers in June for many weeks. The seed heads that form after flowering are quite ornamental. Foliage is similar to astilbe but the growth habit is much larger and shrublike. Found occasionally...

Asarum canadense
Common Name: Wild Ginger
A deciduous ground cover with soft green, kidney-shaped leaves. A single, reddish-brown flower, up to 1" across, blooms under the leaves in late spring. Forms large colonies in cool, moist woodland areas across the Ozarks....

Asclepias incarnata
Common Name: Marsh Milkweed
Plants grow up to five feet in height and offer sweetly scented clusters of rose-pink flowers in summer. All kinds of pollinators find the nectar irresistable and monarch larvae feed on the foliage. Grows naturally in swamps, along streams and ponds ...

Asclepias purpurascens
Common Name: Purple Milkweed
An attractive deep pink to purple flower. Blooms sparsely in low, dry areas of shady woods. The familiar milkweed pod forms on a curlicue stem, much like a pig's tail. The plant is quite striking and will grow with little care in a garden. This speci...

Asclepias speciosa
Common Name: Showy Milkweed
Plant is easily grown in average, dry to medium, well-drained soils in full sun. Drought tolerant and does well in poor, dry, or gravelly soils. Easily grown from seed, and may self-seed in the landscape if seed pods are not removed prior to splitt...

Asclepias syriaca
Common Name: Common Milkweed
This native milkweed species is the most common. The dense round clusters of dull lavender flowers have an extremely sweet fragrance and produce abundant nectar, attracting a wide variety of pollinators, among them the large and striking Monarch Butt...

Asclepias tuberosa
Common Name: Butterfly Milkweed
Lots of bright orange, flat-topped flower clusters bloom atop stout stems for many weeks in late spring through summer. This milkweed is a host plant for the monarch butterfly and a great nectar source for many other butterflies and pollinators. This...

Asclepias verticillata
Common Name: Whorled Milkweed
Bring Monarch Butterflies to your garden with this pretty, sweet-scented milkweed. Tough, adaptable and deer resistant, this milkweed is easy-to-grow and tolerates clayey, sandy or rocky soil. It will thrive in average to moist garden soil as well as...

Asclepias viridiflora
Common Name: Green Milkweed
Found nearly throughout North Dakota, Green Milkweed occurs in southeastern Canada and from Connecticut to Montana south to Georgia and northeastern Mexico, at elevations up to 6,000 ft. Green Milkweed is perennial from its taproot. Stems are mos...

Asclepias viridis
Common Name: Green Antelopehorn
This stunning native plant is a beauty and a great choice for any garden. The slightly spreading nature, big flower clusters and attractiveness to butterflies make the plant a garden-worthy specimen. Occurs on rocky prairies and glades, in old fields...

Asimina triloba
Common Name: Pawpaw
This multistemmed shrub or small tree is a great plant for attracting all kinds of wildlife. Tropical-looking, 6-12" long leaves are quite unusual. Edible, 2-5" yellowish fruit is relished by many birds and small mammals. Plant is larval food of Zebr...

Asplenium platyneuron
Common Name: Ebony Spleenwort
Ebony Spleenwort is an evergreen native fern which typically grows on rocky wooded ledges, rocky slopes and mossy banks.Plant have both arching, pinnate, somewhat glossy, dark green sterile fronds and erect fertile fronds. Common name of Spleenwort r...

Asplenium rhizophyllum
Common Name: Walking Fern
Mostly found in shady, mossy limestone, and occasionally sandstone substrates, this unusual fern has the habit of sprouting new plants from the tips of fronds when they touch the soil. The plant appears to "walk" from spot to spot....

Aster ericoides
Common Name: White Heath Aster
Heath aster is a native wildflower that typically occurs in open rocky woods, prairies and along roads and railroads. A bushy, somewhat compact plant with many-branched stems that bear a profusion of small, daisy-like flowers (1/2" across) in late su...

Aster laterifolius
Common Name: Calico Aster
Brighten up the fall woodland garden with the charming flowers of this delicate aster. A myriad of white blooms with maroon and yellow centers cover the two to three foot tall stems in autumn. Flowers often change from white to shades of purple. Bloo...

Aster macrophylla
Common Name: Big Leaf Aster
Here's the perfect plant for shady areas with less than perfect soil. Drought tolerant, it does best in loamy soil with good humus content, but will also thrive in sandy loam and clay soils with good organic matter. Spreads gradually by underground r...

Aster novae-belgii
Common Name: New York Aster
New York Aster produces an abundance of blooms on compact plants. The plants prefer evenly moist soil but tolerate poor soil. They bloom poorly in dry soil. Performance is best in full sun to light shade....

Aster ptarmicoides
Common Name: Upland White Aster
This low-growing wildflower thrives on dry sandy soils forming mounds that are literally covered with white flowers in August and September. The silvery-white seedheads carry the show into the fall. This attractive plant will grow in the hottest, dri...

Aster puniceus
Common Name: Swamp Aster
Showy, bkue-violet flowers adorn this fall blooming aster. Stems are somewhat hairy. Occurs in wet prairies and fens and is a good candidate for moist sites....

Aster turbinellus
Common Name: Lavender Aster
For a glorious show in Fall, this native is one of your best bets! Masses of small violet flowers with yellow eyes are borne in airy panicles almost obscuring the shrubby blue-green foliage and purple tinted stems. It mingles beautifully with grasses...

Aster umbellatus
Common Name: Flat-Top White Aster
One of the first asters to bloom in the summer. Fairly flat clusters of small, white flower heads can reach widths of six to 10 inches. Plants have elliptical to lance-shaped leaves, three to six inches in length, spaced alternately along the main st...

Astragalus canadensis
Common Name: Canada Milk Vetch
This unique wildflower boasts pagoda-like towers of creamy yellow flowers that rise above dark green leaves in midsummer, followed by scepters of bead-like seed pods in August....

Athyrium filix-femina
Common Name: Lady Fern
Bright green, lacy fronds arise gracefully from creeping rhizomes which form dense, upright clumps. Vigorous and easy to grow. Can be used as a ground cover if it is happy....