Home Prairie and Wetland Center
16245 South Hwy. 71
Belton, MO 64012
Tel: (816) 331-9738
Fax: (816) 331-9739

Native Plants

Botanical Name     Common Name
A B C D E F-G H I J-L M-O P Q R S T U-Z
Valerianella radiata
Common Name: Beaked Corn Salad
Beaked Corn Salad is a common native plant found on prairies, along roadsides and in ditches. It is tolerant of a wide range of soils and soil moisture, but will not grow in shade. White flower corollas bloom in April and May....

Vallisneria americana
Common Name: Wild Celery
Wild Celery is a submersed plant that spreads by runners and sometimes forms tall underwater meadows. It is common in still and fast-flowing waters. The leaves arise in clusters from their roots. They are about one inch wide and can be several feet l...

Verbena hastata
Common Name: Blue Vervain
Tall, narrow plants with erect branches and pointed, coarsely-toothed leaves hold loose clusters of small flowers on upright spikes. Flowers bloom through the summer months. This moisture lover occurs natually in wet prairies, low prairies and along ...

Verbesina alternifolia
Common Name: Wingstem
This easily recognized wildflower appears on average to moist sites at the edges of woods and along roadsides from July to September. It is named for its unusual winged stems. Wing-stem can grow to a height of six feet, and the distinctive flowers ar...

Vernonia baldwinii
Common Name: Western Ironweed
Rounded, flat-topped branching clusters of red-violet flowers are held at the ends of stiff, upright stems. Plants and leaves of this drought-tolerant prairie plant are hairy and so are avoided by cattle and deer....

Vernonia fasciculata
Common Name: Ironweed
Mid-summer to fall, tall stalks are topped with large, red-violet flowers that provide a wonderful display of color and attract butterflies. Dark green leaves are lance-shaped....

Veronicastrum virginicum
Common Name: Culver's Root
In late summer, distinguished, six-inch long, candle-like spikes of pinkish white flowers appear. Flowering persists for four to six weeks. A great selection for the garden and for cut flowers....

Viburnum dentatum
Common Name: Arrowwood Viburnum
In late spring, clusters of white, flat-topped flowers appear, followed by clusters of blue-black fruit that attract birds and other wildlife. The dark green, glossy leaves turn red, yellow or orange in the fall. Excellent for landscapes or conserva...

Viburnum lentago
Common Name: Nannyberry Viburnum
An important food plant for winter wildlife. Fruits are deep-blue with a whitish coating. The fruits ripen in late fall and turn glossy when the coating wears off. The leaves, oval with a pointed tip, emerge a soft yellow-green that turn glossy dark...

Viburnum prunifolium
Common Name: Black Haw Viburnum
In spring, white flowers of flat heads appear and, in the fall, leaves turn a beautiful red color. The purple-black fruit taste like raisins and attract birds. For fruit set, two plants are required for cross-pollination. It can be grown as a multi...

Viburnum rufidulum
Common Name: Rusty Blackhaw
Showy, white flowers in flat clusters appear on this deciduous shrub from April to May. In September, drooping clusters of blue-black fruit with red stems appear that attract many types of mammals and birds. The leathery leaves are a glossy green th...

Viburnum trilobum
Common Name: American Cranberry
This hardy, deciduous shrub is not frost tender. Beautiful clusters of white flowers bloom in June, and the seeds ripen from July to September. The species is noted for attracting wildlife. The plant tolerates virtually any soils and can grow in heav...

Viola pedata
Common Name: Bird's Foot Violet
There's not very many plants that can take the hot dry baking sun that Viola pedata can take. 33 of our 50 states make a home for Viola pedata. And why do we call this charming little plant the "Birdsfoot Violet"? Well, just take a look at the dark g...

Viola pedatifida
Common Name: Prairie Violet
This native perennial plant consists of a rosette of basal leaves, from which one or more flowering stems emerge. The basal leaves have a deeply lobed palmate structure, and are fan-shaped in appearance. The flowering stems are more or less erect, bu...

Viola pubescens
Common Name: Yellow Violet
Yellow Violet commonly occurs in meadows, low woods and bottomlands throughout the Midwest. Yellow flowers with purple veining on the lower petals appear in early spring on leafy stems. Stems and heart-shaped leaves are hairy as suggested by the comm...

Viola sororia
Common Name: Blue Violet
Noteworthy Characteristics: Blue Violet is a common native wildflower which occurs in woods, thickets and streambanks. A stemless, low-growing perennial which features downy, basal, wide-heart-shaped leaves and large blue-violet flowers. Each flow...

Vitis riparia
Common Name: Riparian Grapevine
A strong climber which can have over six feet of annual growth. Insignificant, fragrant flowers in June. Large leaves turn yellow in autumn. An undemanding, drought tolerant and fully hardy species. Recommended for covering tall fences and various su...

Waldsteinia fragarioides
Common Name: Barren Strawberry
Barren Strawberry is an ornamental, strawberry-like plant grown primarily as a ground cover. Although native to eastern North America, it is rare in Missouri where it is only known to occur on wooded slopes and ledges in several counties in the Ozark...

Yucca arkansana
Common Name: Arkansas Yucca
Perhaps our smallest native yucca, Arkansas Yucca prefers chalky gravelly soil on rocky hillsides and prairies. It is usually stemless, having asymmetrical rosettes in small open groups. The leaves are bluish-green to yellowish-green with white margi...

Yucca filamentosa
Common Name: Yucca
The yucca, with stiff, upright, sharply pointed evergreen blue-green leaves, gives a "southwestern look" to the landscape. Seven-foot tall large flower heads of creamy white are architectural. Large, attractive seed capsules follow in fall....

Yucca glauca
Common Name: Soapweed Yucca
Resembling a southwestern desert plant because of its stiff, upright blue-green pointed leaves. This yucca blooms in late spring to early summer with large greenish-white, fragrant flowers held close to the branchless stem. Foliage is evergreen and ...

Zigadenus elegans
Common Name: White Camass
White Camas is a perennial that has long, grass-like leaves. Several dozen creamy-white flowers are grouped in narrow branched spikes at the tips of the stems....

Zizia aptera
Common Name: Heart-Leaved Meadow Parsnip
This member of the carrot family blooms from May to June with flat heads of small yellow flowers. It provides wonderful contrast to other native plants in the landscape. The heart-shaped basal foliage is semi-evergreen, glossy and thick and looks sim...

Zizia aurea
Common Name: Golden Alexanders
Pretty umbels of compound, golden yellow flower heads radiate on smooth, branched plants up to three feet tall. This striking member of the parsley family can be found from May to June along woodland borders and roadsides in our region. Commonly foun...